Queer Bronzeville: Race, Sexuality and Urban Boundaries in Chicago, 1920-1985, explores the history of black gays and lesbians on Chicago’s South Side from the end of the Great Migration to the early days of the AIDS epidemic. Queer Bronzeville reframes paradigms in African American history and Gay history. Chicago’s black queers constructed their own culture, sexual regimes, language, spaces and identities, within but in opposition to Chicago’s mainstream African American community and white-dominated gay environments. I argue that the social movements and historical events identified as major episodes in the formation of queer cultures in America do not explain the transformations of a Midwestern black gay culture. By emphasizing a more textured sense of African American sexual discourses, of their evolution from southern agricultural roots to urban industrial life, Queer Bronzeville demonstrates that Chicago’s black queer culture was a composite network, some segments of which adhered to a sexual system based on gender status until the early 1980s. Queer Bronzeville redefines the concept of visibility - omnipresent in the field of gay history – by describing a rich and complex queer culture, which was both noticeable and silent.